April 21, 2014

We Can End Homelessness

Written by:

As a new intern in the Federal government in the winter of 1983, I was a junior researcher for a Presidential hunger commission.   One frigid morning I saw a man living on a heating grate near the White House.  His name was Saif.  I was stunned to see someone living outside and I sat down near him to understand why he was there.   This was the first person had I ever met who was homeless.   At the time there weren’t any Federal homelessness programs, much less evidence-based programs and strategic policies to confront the problem.

Today, ending the cycle of homelessness is an audacious goal but the evidence is now clear that it can be done.  In fact, it’s already happeningThe Federal government’s strategic plan to prevent and end homelessnessis calledOpening Doors.” It’s a strategy built on proven approaches taken at the state and local level that are dramatically reducing both chronic and veteran homelessness in this country.  Since 2010, more than 3,000 cities and counties reported a 24 percent reduction in veteran homelessness and a 16 percent decline among those who have been living on our streets and in our shelters for long periods of time.

How are they doing it?  These communities understand there is no single method to reduce homelessness.  Instead, they’re taking a strategic approach by targeting various interventions based upon the needs of the individual or family.  Whether it’s helping to rapidly re-house families with young children or finding a permanent home for an individual with serious health conditions, HUD is working with our Federal, State and local partners to reduce and even eliminate homeless.  Over the last few years, the Federal government and local planners changed the trajectory of homelessness in America by understanding a simple truth — the cost of housing someone who is homeless is often less than doing nothing at all, as persons on the streets often cycle between expensive jails, hospitals and emergency shelters.

HUD recently awarded $1.6 billion in grants to renew support for nearly 7,100 local homeless housing and service programs throughout the U.S., Puerto Rico, Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands.  These grants allow local housing and service providers to continue offering permanent and transitional housing to persons experiencing homelessness as well as job training, health care, mental health counseling, substance abuse treatment, and child care.

But let’s face it—during this tough budget environment, HUD is challenging local communities to rethink their traditional response to homelessness and give greater weight to evidence-based strategies that we know are working.  Strategies like “Housing First” models that offer permanent supportive housing to persons living with long-term disabling conditions to rapid re-housing programs that help struggling families in our shelters move quickly into a place of their own.

Sure, Opening Doors sets a pretty high bar when it comes to preventing and even eliminating homelessness in this country.  For their part, local communities are making the smart choice, investing HUD funds in evidence-based, cost-effective programs.  But now is not the time to retreat from what’s been working.  President Obama’s 2015 budget seeks $2.4 billion for Homeless Assistance Grants, over $300 million above the 2014 enacted level. This level of funding maintains the approximately 224,000 HUD-funded beds that assist the homeless nationwide and would provide permanent housing with service supports for an additional 37,000 persons living on the streets.  If funded, we would effectively end street homelessness in this country.

I’m retiring from federal service after more than 30 years fighting this fight and working with some of the most heroic people you can imagine across this great country who share this mission.  As I prepare to leave, I’m heartened at how far we’ve come since I first met Saif living on a heating grate near the White House with nowhere to go.  We have the tools and the will as a nation to reduce and end homelessness in this country.

April 18, 2014

Strengthening Local Partnerships to Advance Solar Energy in Affordable Housing

President Obama has made addressing climate change one of the top priorities of his agenda.  As part of this work, his Administration has worked tirelessly with local leaders to support cutting-edge renewable energy technologies and, in recent years, we’ve seen great progress.  As the President stated in this year’s State of the Union Address, “every four minutes, another American home or business goes solar; every panel pounded into place by a worker whose job can’t be outsourced.”

At HUD, we work every day to “create strong, sustain­able, inclusive communities and quality affordable homes for all.” To make this happen, we want to ensure that families, in every neighborhood, can access the environmental and economic benefits produced by renewable energy. In fact, President Obama issued a challenge to create 100 megawatts of on-site renewable energy in affordable housing by 2020.  We gladly accepted that challenge, which will triple the amount of on-site and community-scale renewable energy in the feder­ally assisted housing portfolio.

This work will make a tremendous impact.  The residential sector accounts for nearly half of all building energy use and 20 per­cent of all energy-related U.S. carbon emissions.  It’s clear that the actions we take today to help promote clean energy solutions in housing will save money and combat climate change tomorrow and for generations to come. I believe that if we succeed in making renewable energy commonplace in affordable housing, we will generate the capability for on-site renewable energy to become standard practice everywhere.

Thanks to the efforts of organizations like the Denver Housing Authority, GRID Alternatives, the Connecticut Clean Energy Finance and Investment Authority, Boston Community Capital, Community Power Network, Bloc Power, Lakota Solar Enterprises, Hannah Solar and Clemson University we are closer to meeting our renewable energy goal. Individuals at each of these organizations were recognized in a special Champions of Change ceremony at the White House for their work to help the advancement of solar power installation and development.

Meeting this goal will depend on creating partnerships, and a model has been created here in Washington D.C. Today, the Obama Administration launched the Capital Solar Challenge, which will engage Federal agencies, Public Housing Authorities, and federally assisted multifamily housing owners on opportunities to deploy solar renewable energy across the National Capital Region.  Under the direction of the Department of Energy,  the General Services Administration and HUD – this challenge directs federal agencies to lead by example in the Washington area by ramping up solar renewable energy deployment across the region including on federally assisted housing.

This program will capitalize on innovative financing and procurement models such as aggregated solar purchases, power purchases agreements, and energy performance contracts, to help lower their cost of electricity.  And, the Capital Solar Challenge will go further to align with efforts already underway in the District to exponentially increase solar on affordable housing and municipal buildings.

America is achieving real progress on renewable energy. For the first time in 15 years, the United States led the world in solar installations last year, and the price of a solar panel has come down by over 60% since 2011. A low-carbon future starts with our neighborhoods and our homes; and HUD and this administration are working to ensure that ev­ery American household has a chance to benefit from energy conservation and independence. We will continue to create solid partnerships with local partners to deploy low-cost solar and other forms renewable energy, produced right here in our communities.

 

 

 

 

 

April 16, 2014

Addressing Inequality and Access to Opportunity at the World Urban Forum

The World Urban Forum 7 (WUF7) took place April 5 – 11 in Medellín, Colombia. HUD Secretary Shaun Donovan served as head of the U.S. delegation where he discussed with world leaders and economic experts what President Obama has called the defining challenge of our time: growing inequality coupled with declining access to entry into the middle class.

Secretary Donovan in Secretary Donovan in ColombiaIncreasing income inequality, a growing disparity between productivity and pay, and social and economic ceilings have stalled upward mobility for millions of Americans and they now threaten to undermine some of the core values of this country – fairness and equal opportunity.  At WUF7, Secretary Donovan discussed how these aren’t just American problems; they are global problems.

While in Medellín, the U.S. delegation took a tour of the Santo Domingo neighborhood which was once considered to be among the most dangerous in the world. Today, it is bustling with economic activity, a busy transit system that uses cable cars to get residents to and from jobs in the city center, a state of the art library, and new parks and plazas that are filled with people of all ages. These changes came about through an inclusive participatory budgeting process led by the city.

What we saw in Santo Domingo demonstrates that cities around the world, as well as in the United States, can tackle the challenges of public safety, economic disinvestment and poverty and create opportunities for transformation. We saw a community that has taken bold actions to ensure future generations can grow up in a neighborhood where opportunity is not a privilege for the few, but broadly available to everyone in society.  To be sure, much work remains to be done in Medellín, but its leaders and residents are committed to continuing to build on their early success.

During WUF7, as members of the U.S. Delegation, we shared how America has put a strong emphasis on supporting community and economic development at all scales; from neighborhoods to entire metropolitan regions. Whether it be through initiatives like the White House Promise Zones initiative, Strong Cities Strong Communities or through the Partnership for Sustainable Communities, we are working to make sure the federal government breaks down its silos to support comprehensive community development and brings together the public, private and nonprofit sectors to achieve the best possible results for communities.

The desire to make a better life for ourselves and our families is a universal one.  The promise of real social and economic mobility that has been a pillar of our democracy has inspired others. Our resolve to increase the economic competitiveness and equity of American communities and to improve the life outcomes of all our people cannot falter or fade.  We must complete our unfinished work to insure that all places and people in America have a ladder of opportunity to succeed.

 

April 10, 2014

Individuals Living with HIV/AIDS Fight Back Against Housing Discrimination

Written by:

This blog was originally posted on Disability.gov.

 “Suddenly, there were no more one-bedroom apartments available,” says Keith, describing his experience searching for rental housing in New York City with a voucher for persons living with HIV/AIDS. Although brokers initially told Keith that apartments were available in his price range, they refused to rent to him once they found out that he received a subsidy from the city’s HIV/AIDS Services Administration.

Having a safe, stable place to call home is especially critical to persons with HIV/AIDS, for whom housing affects their access to healthcare and their ability to receive treatment. Yet Keith found that, after encountering refusal after refusal, his housing options were limited to substandard apartments, often unfinished and in no condition for a person to live.

Enough was enough. With the assistance of the Fair Housing Justice Center (FHJC), a nonprofit organization whose operations are partly funded by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), Keith brought a lawsuit against one of New York City’s largest real estate rental brokers and a second company   ̶  and he won. In 2012, a judge ruled in favor of Keith and ordered the companies to pay damages and change their practices under a local law prohibiting discrimination based on source of income. By asserting his rights, Keith made a difference not only for himself, but for others who might have experienced similar discrimination.

Keith is one of several fair housing plaintiffs whose stories are told in A Matter of Place, a recent documentary film produced by FHJC under a HUD grant. We were proud to screen this film last week at HUD’s opening ceremony for Fair Housing Month. Fair Housing Month marks the anniversary of the passage of the federal Fair Housing Act, which prohibits discrimination in housing based on race, color, national origin, religion, sex, familial status and disability. A number of state and local fair housing laws provide additional protections, based on other characteristics, such as source of income. Each year, HUD, state entities, local communities and nonprofit organizations throughout the country recognize Fair Housing Month by hosting an array of activities that enhance the public’s awareness of their fair housing rights and promote the nation’s commitment to end housing discrimination. This year’s Fair Housing Month theme is “Fair Housing Is Your Right: Use It!” Keith provides a powerful example of doing just that.

Today, complaints based on disability make up the largest single category of fair housing complaints filed with HUD. We have blogged before about the work HUD is doing to combat mortgage discrimination against individuals with disabilities, the exclusion of group homes from neighborhoods and denials of reasonable accommodations. We’ve also investigated other Fair Housing Act cases involving disability discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS.

Last fall, HUD charged a Chicago housing provider with discrimination based on disability and familial status against a prospective tenant who was HIV-positive and had a young child. HUD’s investigation found that, on learning the prospective tenant would pay the rent using disability benefits, the owner asked her to disclose the nature of her disability. When the prospective tenant revealed that she was HIV-positive, the owner replied that she did not want people with that condition living in the apartment. The Department of Justice has filed a lawsuit on behalf of the prospective tenant who, like Keith, also stepped forward to exercise her rights.

Fair Housing Is Your Right: Use It. I hope you will take this occasion to get the word out about housing discrimination. I also encourage you to watch A Matter of Place, and to share the film widely with anyone who might be interested in learning about Keith and others who have acted on their fair housing rights.

Persons who believe they have experienced discrimination may file a complaint by contacting HUD’s Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity at (800) 669-9777 (voice) or (800) 927-9275 (TTY). Housing discrimination complaints may also be filed by going to the HUD website, or by downloading HUD’s free housing discrimination mobile application, which can be accessed through Apple devices, such as the iPhone, iPad and iPod Touch.

Bryan Greene is the Acting Assistant Secretary for Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity at the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. In this position, he is charged with overseeing the policy direction and operational management of this 550+ person office. Under his leadership, HUD has pursued large-scale cases to address systemic discrimination and provide widespread relief and to use HUD funding to affirmatively further fair housing. Mr. Greene has devoted his professional career to fighting housing discrimination and promoting diverse, inclusive communities.

April 8, 2014

During Fair Housing Month, it’s about “A Matter of Place”

Written by:

When I watched the documentary “A Matter of Place” produced by the Fair Housing Justice Center, I was reminded of why our work to end housing discrimination is as relevant today as it was when the Fair Housing Act was passed in 1968.

Despite the perception of many, this powerful short film shows us that housing discrimination is very much a part of American life today.  One rental agent refuses to take a couple’s application fee because they are black; a man returns home to see anti-gay slurs scrawled on his door; a landlord calls one of his tenants a “program person” and offers him a roach-infested apartment because the tenant receives a housing subsidy.

These incidents still happen in cities large and small. They point to the invisible struggle families often go through to give their children and loved ones a safe and decent place to call home.

April is Fair Housing Month, and as we celebrate the passage of the Fair Housing Act, it’s a chance to reflect on how far we still have to go to end housing discrimination. The theme for this year is “Fair Housing is Your Right. Use it!” We wish there were no more instances of housing discrimination. But when it happens, we want to hear about it.  If you feel you’ve been a victim of housing discrimination, you can report it.

The Fair Housing Act prohibits housing discrimination based on race, color, national origin, religion, gender, disability, or familial status. Approximately 20 states, and the District of Columbia, including more than 150 cities, towns and counties across the nation also have additional protections that specifically prohibit discrimination against individuals based upon sexual preference and gender identity.  In addition, 12 states, the District of Columbia, and several counties and municipalities include protections for persons based on their source of income.

Each day, HUD continues to fight inequality in housing and we’ll keep up this fight along with the help from our fair housing partners.  This April, and indeed throughout the entire year, we’ll also work with our partners to spread the word that the law protects you from those who deny you your place in American life.